Looking ahead to what is likely to drive home loans this year.
Despite challenges of external factors such as ongoing interest rate hikes and rising costs of living, the ongoing demand for home loans remained relatively stable in 2022—slightly down on 2021 volumes, but up on 2020 and 2019 volumes.
This sustained demand can be attributed to the following key factors:
-The increasing interest rates over the year, culminating in a prime rate at year end of 10.5%, remains well below the long-term average rate over the past 25 years; and
-Banks continuing to compete for home loan business by approving loans on attractive terms—both in terms of interest rate and in the granting of 100% loans.
Home loan trends in 2023
Looking ahead, ooba believes that with most of the interest rate hikes now behind us, the following six property trends will lead the way in 2023:
ooba’s latest statistics indicate that the Western Cape remains a strong contender in the property realm—and, while price growth has been slowing the most rapidly, the average purchase price remains the highest among the major regions.
The reason is that the appeal of the Western Cape clearly does not lie in the relative affordability of homes, but rather in the lifestyle offering, the relative security, and the competency of municipal management.
In contrast, the likes of the Gauteng South and East Rand region have seen an increase in property prices, despite registering the lowest average purchase prices in South Africa (at R1.18 million). Interestingly, this is the only major region in which applications from first-time buyers remains consistently above 50%.
We therefore anticipate that the demand for areas such as these will grow in 2023 as buyers plan carefully, and realise their dream of homeownership by purchasing in areas where they can manage affordability.
While the past few years saw a sharp uptick in first-time homebuyers due to the lower interest rates, 2022 showcased just how ‘rates sensitive’ this demographic truly is, with the number of first-time buyers steadily declining—and those that are buying, are buying properties that fit their affordability constraints.
In 2023, we anticipate a continued steady decline in first-time homebuyers, as many opt to rent rather than buy. However, data indicates that Gen Zs—the next generation of South Africa’s workforce—believes in the power of home ownership, so we expect to see increased uptake in the next few years.
While approval rates for 100% home loans will remain high in 2023, we anticipate that the number of applications for 100% home loans will decline. In the current climate, homebuyers are prioritising deposits as a way to reduce their monthly repayments and achieve a better interest rate on their home loan.
Our last oobarometer saw a growth rate of 18.2% in the average size of deposits, and our expectation is that this will continue. ooba therefore anticipates that homebuyers will continue to take charge of their financial wellbeing by prioritising savings and affordability before applying for a home loan.
Buy-to-let investments (rental properties purchased as an investment) will continue to gain ground in 2023.
Demand for the financing of buy-to-let properties has grown by around 30% year-on-year—and this trend is particularly notable in the Western Cape, where the rate of applications for investment properties reached a high of 24.2% in October 2022.
Investors are looking to ‘cash in’ on high demand in the rental market due to higher interest rates, and this trend is set to continue well into 2023.
New developments (also known as off-plan properties) have experienced a notable surge in popularity among South African homebuyers, and this trend is set to accelerate for the foreseeable future.
ooba’s data indicates a 117% increase in approved home loans for new developments year-on-year. This is largely driven by affordability, since the homebuyer pays zero transfer fees while bond repayments are delayed until construction is complete.
In addition, property developers are driving this trend. Developers are paying close attention to the needs of the homebuyer, and are catering to these through new and exciting developments. Buyers are spoilt for choice—and are opting for lock-up-and-go, secure living through off-plan properties.
Is semigration still a thing? Absolutely! While many people have gone back to their 9-to-5 office job, some are still opting to commute—and some corporates have chosen to continue with the hybrid, flexible working model.
When looking to the demand, home buyers are looking for more space and more affordable pricing. Picturesque areas less than two hours away from major metros, such as Betty’s Bay and Greyton, are becoming strong contenders in the semigration movement.
We therefore expect various small towns to continue to feature prominently in our home loan data in 2023.
WRITTEN BY RHYS DYER
This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied on as legal or other professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your adviser for specific and detailed advice. Errors and omissions excepted (E&OE)